Breakthrough Agenda

The Breakthrough Agenda aims to strengthen international collaboration to make clean technologies and sustainable solutions the most affordable, accessible and attractive option in key sectors and in all regions by 2030.

The Breakthrough Agenda was launched at COP26 to help the world close the “collaboration gap” and accelerate international action on climate change to meet the Paris Agreement’s global decarbonisation targets.

By giving the world a framework to prioritise, coordinate, and enhance collaborative action across seven high emitting sectors, the Breakthrough Agenda enables governments and businesses across the world to work together in a more coordinated way to take urgent and decisive action on the world’s biggest challenge.

About the Breakthrough Agenda

The Breakthrough Agenda is an unprecedented international clean technology process to help keep 1.5°C in reach, created by world leaders at COP26. It provides a framework for countries, businesses and civil society to join up and strengthen their actions every year in key emitting sectors, and a service to support coalitions of leading public, private, and public-private global initiatives to deliver those actions.

Since its launch, the Breakthrough Agenda has established an internationally-recognised, annual, COP-centred, collaborative process – backed by 57 countries covering over 80% of global GDP, and by 100+ international initiatives – that enhances global cooperation in seven key sectors: power, road transport, steel, hydrogen, agriculture, buildings, and cement and concrete, covering over 60% of global emissions.

Dr. Sultan bin Ahmed Al Jaber, COP28 President

The annual breakthrough agenda cycle

1.

Mapping the landscape of international collaboration initiatives and activities in each sector.

2.

Strategic review of progress and priorities in each sector transition.

3.

Identifying the most urgent opportunities to strengthen international collaboration.

4.

Reviewing and developing priority actions, above and beyond current collaborative actions.

5.

Launch action plans in response to the Report recommendations at COP.

6.

Countries strengthen and prioritise international collaboration to deliver actions via existing initiatives.

What is the purpose of the Breakthrough Agenda?

The Breakthrough Agenda process coordinates, prioritises, and enhances global cooperation to make clean technologies affordable and accessible in all regions by 2030. ​

Facilitates coordination between initiatives and governments in each sector to review collective efforts from COP to COP, align progress on priority actions, and make recommendations on how to plug gaps.​

Based on independent advice, building consensus amongst leading governments and the private sector on the top priority actions needed internationally in each sector to accelerate clean technology and sectoral transitions every year.​

Convenes decision-makers to crowd in efforts through an annual cycle of tracking global progress and strengthening climate governance and accountability.

What is the Breakthrough Agenda report?

The Breakthrough Agenda’s annual cycle is informed by an annual independent expert report from the International Energy Agency (IEA), International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), and UN High Level Climate Action Champions. 

The inaugural Breakthrough Agenda report was published in September 2022, warning that an “international collaboration gap” threatens to delay net zero by decades. This year in the 2023 report, the authors updated their recommendations to strengthen collaboration between governments, businesses, and civil society in areas such as common standards, technology R&D, trade, and improved technical and financial assistance.

The purpose of the report is to provide an independent, authoritative assessment of the progress being made in each Breakthrough sector and to make recommendations on the most urgent and high-impact opportunities to strengthen international collaboration that can accelerate progress towards the Breakthrough goals. 

Countries develop Priority Actions to respond to the recommendations from the report authors, to guide tangible and collaborative action each year.

There are 57 governments committed to the Breakthrough Agenda:

Sector specific goals and actions

What are Breakthrough Agenda goals and priority actions for each sector? 

Global cooperation under the Breakthrough Agenda initially focused on five key sectors – Power, Road Transport, Steel, Hydrogen, and Agriculture. At COP28, new Breakthroughs on Buildings and Cement & Concrete were launched. 

Each Breakthrough is co-led by two or three active emerging or developed countries and is focused on achieving a 2030 goal by convening coalitions of countries and initiatives to deliver annually agreed Priority Actions.

The goals for each Breakthrough, the Priority Actions for 2024 and a list of the countries leading and actively supporting them can be accessed by clicking on each sector heading below.

Endorsing Countries
Australia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Egypt, European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Holy See, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Lithuania, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Norway, Panama, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.
Power Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2023 Power Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2024
Endorsing Countries
Australia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Cambodia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Guinea Bissau, Holy See, India, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Serbia, Sweden, Türkiye, United Kingdom, United States.
Road Transport Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2023 Road Transport Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2024
Endorsing Countries
Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Guinea Bissau, Holy See, India, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Morocco, Namibia, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Türkiye, United Kingdom, United States.
Steel Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2023 Steel Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2024
Endorsing Countries
Australia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Denmark, Egypt, European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Guinea Bissau, Holy See, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Lithuania, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.
Hydrogen Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2023 Hydrogen Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2024
Endorsing Countries
Australia, Belgium, Cambodia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, Kenya, Ireland, Japan, Latvia, Morocco, New Zealand, Nigeria, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom.
Agriculture Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2023 Agriculture Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2024
Endorsing Countries
Armenia, Austria, Canada, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Liberia, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Senegal, Sweden, Tunisia, Türkiye, United Kingdom, United States, Zambia.
Buildings Breakthrough Priority International Actions 2024
Endorsing Countries
Australia, Canada, Egypt, Germany, Ireland, Kenya, Republic of Congo, Switzerland, Türkiye, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom.
Cement & Concrete Priority International Actions 2024

The annually refreshed Priority Actions respond to the recommendations for urgent strengthened and coordinated international action from the annual Breakthrough Agenda Report.

The Priority Actions do not reflect everything that needs to happen collaboratively internationally. Instead, they target the most urgent and high priority areas where additional efforts are needed to significantly strengthen international collaboration.

Explore the toolkit

Working through the Breakthrough Agenda, partners can help accelerate clean technology transitions in each sector by strengthening international collaboration, cooperation and coordination. Together this will enable us to realise the opportunities of working together: faster innovation, greater economies of scale, bigger incentives to invest, and level playing fields where needed.

Partners

The Breakthrough Agenda convenes and provides a service to the landscape of key international initiatives in each sector. Below are ‘landscape maps’ intended to showcase the different initiatives that work in each sector to show the breadth and linkages in activity.

Currently, the list of initiatives that actively supporting each Breakthrough include:

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